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Alternaria Nees, Syst. Pilze (Würzburg): 72 (1816) [1816–17] For synonyms see Index Fungorum (2018) Background Alternaria was established by Nees von Esenbeck (1816) and species of Alternaria are known as serious plant pathogens (Nishimura et al. 1978; Peever et al. 2002; Thomma 2003; Lawrence et......

Bipolaris Shoemaker, Can. J. Bot. 33:882(1959) For synonyms see Index Fungorum (2018)   Background Species of Bipolaris are cosmopolitan and distributed throughout a broad range of environments. Bipolaris species are pathogens, saprobes or endophytes of a wide range of hosts (Hyde et al. 2014). Bipolaris......

Boeremia Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley, in Aveskamp, Gruyter, Woudenberg, Verkley & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 65: 36 (2010) Background Boeremia was established by Aveskamp et al. (2010) to accommodate phoma-like species that are morphologically similar to Phoma exigua. To date only B. lycopersici is reported to......

Botryosphaeria Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. crittog. Ital. 1(fasc. 4): 211 (1863) Background The genus Botryosphaeria (Botryosphaeriaceae) was introduced by Cesati and de Notaris (1863), revised by Saccardo (1877) and is based on the type species Botryosphaeria dothidea (Barr 1972; Slippers et al. 2004c).......

Botrytis Background Erected by Micheli in 1729, the genus Botrytis is one of the first described genera of fungi. Persoon (1801) designated five species under the binomial system of Linnaeus validated the genus and included one of Micheli’s species, B. cinerea, so named by Von......

Calonectria De Not., Comm. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 2(fasc.3): 477 (1867) For synonyms see Index Fungorum (2018)   Background Calonectria was first introduced based on C. daldiniana in 1867. Calonectria species are pathogenic to a wide range of woody and herbaceous plant hosts in tropical and......

Capnodium Mont., Annls Sci. Nat., Bot, sér. 3, 11: 233 (1849) The genus Capnodium was introduced by Montagne (1849) to accommodate C. salicinum. Capnodium is one of the most commonly found sooty molds in gardens and landscapes (Laemmlen 2011). Capnodium has a saprobic association with......

Chaetothyrina Theiss., Annls mycol. 11(6):495 (1913) The genus Chaetothyrina was established by Theissen (1913), with C. musarum (Speg.) Theiss. as the type species. Chaetothyrina was placed in Micropeltidaceae based on its superficial, flattened base, poorly developed thyriothecium and irregular meandering arrangement of compact hyphae of......

Choanephora Background The genus Choanephora belongs to family Choanephoraceae in the order Mucorales (former Zygomycota). The genus was introduced by Currey (1873) for C. cunninghamii, to replace the generic name of his newly described species Cunninghamia infundibulifera, as Cunninghamia already existed as a genus of......

Coniella Höhn., Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 36(7): 316 (1918) = Pilidiella Petr. & Syd., Beih. Reprium nov. Spec. Regni veg. 42(1): 462 (1927) [1926]; = Schizoparme Shear, Mycologia 15(3): 120 (1923) For more synonyms see Index Fungorum (2018)   Background Coniella Höhn. is a cosmopolitan......

Corticiaceae Herter, Krypt.-Fl, Brandenburg (Leipzig) 6(1):70 (1910) Background Corticiaceae is one of the oldest family names established by Heter (1910) and for a long time was a repository for all basidiomycetes sharing corticioid type of fruiting body, that is basidiomes with resupinate or cortex-like appearance......

Curvularia Boedijn, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, 3 Sér. 13: 123 (1933) For synonyms see Index Fungorum (2018) Background The cosmopolitan Curvularia consists of pathogens and saprobes of various plants, as well as opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals. They are abundantly found as the pathogens......

Cyphellophora G.A. de Vries, Mycopath. Mycol. appl. 16(1):47(1962) Cyphellophora is cosmopolitan, comprising species distributed from a broad range of environmental sources as human and animal disease, saprobes, epiphytes and plant pathogens (de Hoog et al. 1999, 2000; Jacob and Bhat 2000; Decock et al. 2003;......

Cytospora Ehrenb., Sylv. mycol. berol.: 28 (1818) Cytospora was introduced by Ehrenberg (1818) as the type genus of the family Cytosporaceae in Diaporthales (Wehmeyer 1975; Barr 1978; Eriksson 2001; Castlebury et al. 2002). The genus is an important pathogenic fungus, causing canker and dieback on......

Cyttaria Berk., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 19:40 (1842) This genus is geographically restricted to South America (Argentina and Chile) and Southeastern Australasia (including Tasmania, and New Zealand) (Peterson and Pfister 2010). Cyttaria species are found in the secondary phloem and xylem, cambium and cortex of......

Dactylonectria L. Lombard & Crous, in Lombard et al., Phytopath. Mediterr. 53(3): 523 (2014) The genus Dactylonectria was introduced by Lombard et al. (2014) for a group of species which were previously treated in Ilyonectria (Chaverri et al. 2011; Cabral et al. 2012a, b, c).......

Diaporthe   Background Diaporthe (=Phomopsis) is a cosmopolitan genus of fungi comprised of endophytes, plant pathogens, and saprobes occurring on a wide range of annual and perennial hosts, including economically important crops (Uecker 1988; Farr and Rossman 2014; Udayanga et al. 2011). The genus belongs......

Diplodia   Background Species of Diplodia (Botryosphaeriaceae) are endophytes, pathogens, or saprobes associated with cankers, dieback and fruit rot (Crous et al. 2006; Slippers and Wingfield 2007) in a wide range of hosts of agricultural and forestry importance (Farr and Rossman 2014). Cryptic speciation is......

Dothiorella Sacc., Michelia 2(6): 5 (1880) Dothiorella was proposed by Saccardo to accommodate D. pyrenophora (Hyde et al. 2014). Members of this genus are pathogens, endophytes and saprobes (Phillips et al. 2013; Dissanayake et al. 2016). Taxonomy of this genus has been in a state......

Elsinoe Racib. [as ‘Elsinoë‘], Parasit. Alg. Pilze Java’s (Jakarta) 1: 14 (1900) Background Elsinoe was introduced by Raciborski (1900) based on E. canavaliae (Hyde et al. 2013; Jayawardena et al. 2014). von Arx & Müller (1975) placed this genus in Myriangiaceae based on the nature......

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